The core consists of a group of muscles that work together to stabilise and control movement between the vertebrae of your spine. These muscles are arranged a bit like a cylinder with a top and a bottom, and need to function as a group to achieve the best results.
- The Transversus Abdominus is the deepest layer of your abdominal muscles and is a bit like a wide belt going around your torso.
- The Multifidis muscle runs along the sides of your vertebrae. Your pelvic floor is like a sling holding everything up from underneath. Your diaphragm (breathing muscle under the ribs) forms the lid (and is why breathing is so important).
- Your Iliopsoas muscles helps to stabilise the front of the spine and control tilting at the pelvis.
When the physiotherapsits at Advantage Healthcare and Physiotherapy do core muscle retraining, they try to bring these muscles into balance so all are working well to help control the spine as you move. Core muscle retraining can take place at the gym, at home, at pilates or even while you are sitting at work. Your physio can assess where you are weak and where you are strong and prescribe exercises to help target your weaker areas.