Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy due to changes to the normal hormone levels.
When we eat food, our body breaks it down into glucose. This glucose is then released into the blood. When this occurs, the body releases a hormone called insulin. The insulin helps move the glucose out of the blood stream and into the body's cells where it is used for energy.
As hormone levels change during pregnancy, sometimes insulin does not work as well as it should. This means that blood glucose levels can increase.
It is very important to control your blood glucose levels during pregnancy. High blood glucose levels in pregnancy can cause problems such as a large baby, early delivery, distress for the baby during birth, and low blood glucose levels in the baby at birth.
Our Dietitian and Diabetes Educator, at Advantage Healthcare and Physiotherapy, can help you manage your diabetes through your pregnancy. We can provide information and support in many areas including:
- Self monitoring of blood glucose levels
- Balancing your daily intake
- How carbohydrate foods affect your blood glucose levels
- Which foods contain carbohydrates
- The amount and type of carbohydrate food that is best for you
- Which types of fat to choose
- How to read labels
- Better choices when eating out